Indian Festival Makar Sankranti: History, Dates, Significance and its Importance

Written by Paayi Knowledge |17-Jun-2020 | 0 Comments | 52 Views

Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival celebrated by Hindus all through India and falls in January. It is the main festival in the Hindu calendar, which falls definitely on a similar date each year – fourteenth January, even though with barely any exemptions of January fifteenth. 

Makar Sankranti is a festival that is celebrated by different networks all through India, even though with various names. Hindus and Sikhs having a place with the province of Punjab and adjoining regions celebrate it as "Lohri"; In other Indian Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka it is known as "Pedda Pandaga"; in Tamil Nadu, the festival is marked as "Pongal," and in Assam, it is designated "Magh Bihu."

Being celebrated by such a large number of various networks, with huge etymological and social contrasts, "Makar Sankranti shows Indias social and strict solidarity.

The festival of "Makar Sankranti" is seen by numerous social merriments all through India and furthermore has sunlight based, strict, and farming associations, which we will learn further.


Makar Sankranti Festival

Every year the festival of "Makar-Sankranti" is celebrated on fourteenth January, yet in 2019 it will be seen on January fifteenth, Tuesday. The purpose behind this is the heavenly occasions of Makar Sankranti will happen on the evening of January fourteenth, moving the festival festivities by a day – January fifteenth. 


The Meaning of Makar Sankranti

The expression "Makar Sankranti" is a blend of two unique ideas – "Makara" and "Sankranti." Since ages, Hindus have been watching significant astronomical activities and have named those identified with Sun's movement starting with one Zodiac sign then onto the next as "Sankranti."


Hence "Makara Sankranti" speaks to the relocation (Sankranti) of Sun into the "Makar" Rashi and imprints the appearance of the spring season in India. There is a "Sankranti" consistently when the Sun goes starting with one zodiac sign then onto the next, yet "Makar Sankranti" is the most significant and auspicious of all.


Reason to Celebrate Makar Sankranti

The festival of "Makara Sankranti" marks the progress of Sun from "Sagittarius" Rashi into the "Makara" or "Capricorn" Rashi, according to the Hindu Lunar calendar. As it were it denotes the entry of Sun from Tropic of Cancer to the Tropic of Capricorn (Makara); through the Winter Solstice.

"Makar Sankranti" likewise denotes the approach of Sun into Northern Hemisphere (otherwise called "Uttaryana"), bringing about longer days and shorter evenings with the end of Winter Solstice.


Historical Significance of Makar Sankranti

Numerous Hindu folklore stories demonstrate that the day of "Makar Sankranti" was watched and, furthermore, held a lot of hugeness, even a great many years back. A couple of such authentic occasions are referenced underneath.

Transition to Next Life: It is one of the most significant Hindu epic "Mahabharata" refers to "Bhishma Pitamah" wouldn't leave his body and sat tight for "Uttaryana" (celebrated today as Makar Sankranti) to do as such. This demonstrates the criticalness just as the promise of the heavenly event, even 5000 years back.


Liberation from Sufferings and Pain: The arrival of "Makar Sankranti" that King Bhagirath is accepted to have washed in sacred Ganga and freed his predecessors to structure the scourge of Kapil Muni. Accordingly, Makar Sankranti" is additionally considered as a day that releases enduring and torment.


Execution of Responsibilities: As per Hindu folklore, Lord Shani is the proprietor of Makara heavenly body, and upon the arrival of "Makar Sankranti" he is visited by Sun. As Sun is the non-permanent dad of Shani, they don't share an exceptionally genuine relationship; in any case, Shani surely knows his obligations and deals with his dad. In this manner, "Makar Sankranti" likewise proclaims to satisfy one's duties.


End of Evil: The promising event of "Makar Sankranti" likewise implies the finish of wickedness, haziness, deceptive nature, and dissatisfaction, as it was on this day that Goddess Durga as "Mahisasurmardini" is accepted to go to earth initially; to kill Mahisasur and end dimness.


How Agriculture is Related with Makar Sankranti

The promising event of "Makar Sankranti" is likewise connected with basically rice harvest in various conditions of India. Particularly in Punjab and Southern states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Tamilnadu, Makar Sankranti marks the start of rice reaping, and crops assume an essential job in the festivals. 

Additionally, in the province of Assam, the festival is classified as "Magh Bihu" and imprints the start of rice collecting. The festival is celebrated with seven days of merriments, including banquets and social affairs. Before the celebrations were observed for a month, thus the name "magh," which means a month.


The Makar Sankranti Celebration

The distinctive Indian States have their own traditions and customs of observing Makar Sankranti. In whichever Indian state "Makar Sankranti" is celebrated, there is one normal thing, and that is the arrangement of delights. An assortment of desserts and different treats are readied days before the approach of "Makar Sankranti."

Many assortments of desserts and dishes are set up from North to South and from East to West; to such an extent that it is beyond the realm of imagination to expect to refer to them all here. However, a portion of the luxuries with their individual states is – Andhra Pradesh – Ballam Appalu, Kudumulu, Dappalam; Karnataka – Ellu Bella (groundnut blended in with jaggery); Delhi – kheer, churma and until ladoos; Maharashtra-Til Gud Ladoo, Puran Poli, Halwa and so on; Assam – Rice cakes of different assortments; Uttar Pradesh – Khichdi.

The festivals of "Makar Sankranti" vary from state to state, similar to the luxuries. Generally, the festivals are established in ages-old nearby traditions and customs.

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