Indian Festival Gangaur: History, Dates, Significance and its Importance
Gangaur is the Indian festival which is mainly celebrated in the western part of the Rajasthan, to pay reverence to the Goddess Parvathi, she is also a wife of Lord Shiva. This festival is mainly celebrated among Indian women who worship Gauri Ma so that they can have a happy and blissful married life.
Apart from Rajasthan, the celebration is additionally celebrated in certain parts of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, and West Bengal. Both wedded and unmarried women watch the ceremony with incredible dedication and excitement in anticipation of bringing conjugal ecstasy into their lives or getting a decent husband.
When is the Gangaur Festival Celebrated?
In 2019, Gangaur Festival will be celebrated on 21 March - 8 April 2019.
In 2020, Gangaur Festival will be celebrated on 10 March - 27 March 2020.
In 2021, Gangaur Festival will be celebrated on 15th April 2021.
In 2022, Gangaur Festival will be celebrated on 03 April 2022 (Chaitra).
Origins of Gangaur Festival
There is a fascinating legendary story related to the celebration of Gangaur. It starts when Lord Shiva, Goddess Parvathi, and Narad Muni (Vedic sage) went on a walk together. Unexpectedly, they arrived at a town on the third day of Chaitra month.
Getting the updates on their appearance, womenfolk of the higher drop begin planning indulgences to invite the trio. Accordingly, the higher position women got postponed, and in the interim, women having a place with the lower layers of the general public arrived at the visitors with tamarind powder and Akshat (sort of unbroken rice) to respect the Gods. Satisfied with their dedication, Goddess Parvathi favored them with conjugal delight and devotion.
Later, when the women from higher standing showed up with their delights, Lord Shiva is accepted to have asked Parvathi (Gauri) – You gave all the endowments to the women from a lower rank, what will you provide for these now. To which Goddess Parvathi answered that she would favor these women with the marital and matrimonial rapture like her own. When the higher positions women completed their ceremonies of celebrating the Gods, they were honored by Goddess Parvathi. The women follow the custom of loving and celebrating Goddess Parvathi till today and want to be honored with matrimonial rapture and long life for their husbands.
After the remembrance, Goddess Parvathi solicited authorization from Lord Shiva to wash in a close-by waterway. After scrubbing down, she arranged a sand icon of Lord Shiva and began worshiping it. She got do engaged in the love that she lost track of time and got postponed.
At the point when Shiva approached the explanation behind her deferral, she lied by saying that she met her siblings and her family members. At that point, Shiva asked – what blessings did you get, what Prasad did you expended. She answered that her family members took care of her with a dinner of milk and rice. Tuning in to Parvathi Shiva, additionally communicated want to expend the Prasad and began moving to the stream bank, trailed by Parvathi.
Realizing that she had misled Shiva, Parvathi was stressed and begun adorning the previous in an offer to look for absolution and spare her from humiliation. Shockingly when they came to, there was a colossal royal residence at a similar spot where she had worshiped Shiva's golden calf. After entering the royal residence, the team met the siblings and family members of Parvathi.
Goddess Parvathi and Lord Shiva remained there for two days and left for their further excursion on the third day, joined by Narad Muni. At some point during the journey, Lord Shiva reviewed to Parvathi that he had overlooked his festoon at the castle. Consequently, Lord Shiva sends Narad Muni to get back the laurel from the castle.
When Narad arrived at the spot, he saw trees where there was assumed as a castle; the royal residence had vanished strangely. Puzzled by the turn of events, Narad began wandering in the woods when abruptly he saw Shiva's wreath holding tight a tree limb. Taking the laurel, he came back to Lord Shiva and portrayed the entire episode.
Master Shiva told Narad – this happened due to supernatural forces of Parvathi. She mysteriously made everything to shroud the icon love, which she did on the banks of the waterway. That is the explanation she lied about and made her baffling hereditary home and family members. Shiva purposefully had sent Narad back for uncovering the reality.
Intrigued by Parvathi's commitment to Lord Shiva and her matrimonial dedication, Narad recognized her as the most sacrosanct and predominant among all the married women of the world. He further confessed to that a mystery adore more successful than an unmistakable one, and any lady who covertly venerates Shiva and Parvathi will be honored with endless matrimonial ties and long life.
After which Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi withdrew to the Mount (Kailash Parvat). The women till today follow the custom of mystery love of the divinities on the Gangaur celebration and look for the endowments of Goddess Parvathi.
History of Gangaur Festival
The legendary stories and fables related to the Gangaur celebration propose that the celebration is being commended since antiquated occasions. The accounts of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi are portrayed in antiquated writings like "Puranas," reaffirming the way that Gangaur is an old celebration.
The Gangaur celebration basically has a place with the province of Rajasthan. Yet, since the last century, the festival has spread to certain parts of Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and West Bengal because of the populace relocation.
Gangaur Festival Celebration Customs
The womenfolk commend the Gangaur celebration with much intensity and eagerness. They commit the majority of their every day exercises to the worship of Gauri (Parvathi). Many follow the custom of fasting all through the celebration for 18 days, eating just once daily.
Dirt or wooden symbols of "Gana" (Shiva) and "Gauri" (Parvathi) are arranged and embellished with hues and garments. A few women likewise keep the icons and redesign them to be utilized the following celebration season. All the reveres and ceremonies are performed on the "Gangaur" icons all through the celebration.
The celebration is similarly praised both by the unmarried, just as married women. On day seven, unmarried women got spruced up in conventional clothing and stroll on the boulevards conveying an earthen light and singing tunes. This custom is routinely followed for ten days, and on the most recent day of Gangaur, the light is broken and tossed into a well. The tradition is accepted to conjure the gift of Gauri, who favors the women with a perfect husband, only like Lord Shiva.
The most recent three days of the celebration are significant for hitched women. They enrich their divinities with garments and adornments and structure a procession conveying the icons on their head. For the following two days, the procession is shaped, and symbols are reclaimed to their separate spots of love.
On the most recent day, an excellent procession of the symbols is taken out with women wearing beautiful customary clothing, holding the icons on their heads. The icons are then tossed in water as an appearance of Parvathi leaving her parents home and returning to Lord Shiva.
Significance of Gangaur Festival
Gangaur celebration has a lot of massive, both socially and strictly. The festival is watched for the most part in respect to Goddess Gauri, for example, Parvathi, the husband of Lord Shiva. She is viewed as the exemplification of conjugal constancy and shows courage, quality, commitment, and marital quality. The celebration is critical for both the hitched women, who appeal to God for the long life and wellbeing of their husbands just as for the unmarried women who go to get a decent and good husband.
Goddess Parvathi experienced a ton of agony and penance to pick up the adoration for Lord Shiva. She has set a model for other women to follow by her commitment to her significant difference (Shiva). The womenfolk try to be honored with the same dedication and conjugal euphoria as delighted in by Parvathi and Shiva.
The celebration likewise mirrors the way of life of Rajasthan or the family wherein it is praised. In a manner, it shows the dedication of the women to their separate husbands. It demonstrates that the previous are happy to go under any torment to increase lasts certainty and love.